How an electric ACF pump (EVAP) works
For even lower pollutant emissions
How does an ACF pump work, and how is the fuel tank ventilation system of a vehicle with an ACF pump constructed? How is the activated carbon filter regenerated? When vehicles are being driven, they emit fuel vapours that contain emissions (pollutants). These vapours can be fed from an activated carbon filter back into the combustion process. This article explains how this works and how active cooling influences the pump’s performance.
In 2018, Pierburg was the first manufacturer in the world to launch an electric ACF pump that feeds the fuel vapours from the activated carbon filter back into the combustion process without the need for a vacuum from the intake manifold. Motorservice provides this ACF pump in the aftermarket.
- Sole supplier in the aftermarket
- Suitable for a wide range of applications with major American and Japanese car manufacturers
- Increasingly used in series production for new models, i.e. also great potential in the aftermarket in the future
- Developed in Germany
- Active cooling of the built-in electronic components minimises the influence of temperature on the pump performance
- High-torque single-phase electric motor
- Variable pump speed for optimum emission control
Flow rate: up to 50 l / min.
Pressure: up to 0.1 bar
Ambient temperature: -10°C to +105°C
Control type: LIN bus
Durability: over 5,000 hrs
Other names are:
purge air pump, gas pump, (electric) vapour pump, EVAP
01 Purge valve
02 ACF pump
03 Engine control unit
04 Venting valve
05 Activated carbon filter (ACF)
06 Tank control valve
07 Fuel tank
Since the storage capacity of the activated carbon filter is limited, it must be “regenerated” regularly to avoid saturation. In operating states where the engine and the combustion process can tolerate the additional amount of fuel, the fuel vapours from the ACF are mixed back into the intake air. For this purpose, the fuel vapours are drawn out of the ACF by means of the ACF pump (02) and fed to the combustion process in a controlled manner via the purge valve (01).
To prevent a vacuum from forming in the ACF during regeneration, it is ventilated via the venting valve (04) which is then open. The ACF is purged with the fresh air supplied via the venting valve. In the past, the vacuum in the intake manifold was sufficient to draw the fuel vapours into the engine and fresh air into the ACF at the same time.