Damage through contamination
Why do fuel pumps break? How does dirt get into the fuel system? Why is it bad if the car is not driven for a long period of time? Why should the maintenance intervals of the filter be strictly observed? You can find the answers in this article.
The effects of contamination are varied:
- Clogged filters
- Reduced flow rate
- Fuel pump is excessively noisy
- Pump runs dry
- Jammed pump system
Here are some possible causes:
- Rust or chalk particles (“water damage”)
- Dirt entering the fuel tank from outside (e.g. on refuelling)
- Ageing of the fuel due to longer periods at standstill (build-up of deposits)
- Maintenance intervals (filter replacement) not complied with
- Poor fuel quality
- Old, porous fuel hoses
- Entry of dirt and water through a scuffed tank ventilation hose, or due to incorrect subsequent rerouting of the tank ventilation hose
If fuel filters or sieves on the intake side are clogged with dirt, the initial symptoms are as follows:
- Inadequate delivery rate
- Insufficient pressure
- Excessive operating noise from the fuel pump
- Engine misfires (due to fuel vapour locks)
This can result in failure of the fuel pump and vehicle breakdown.
Most modern fuel pumps are flushed through with fuel, which lubricates and cools them. If this does not happen to a sufficient extent, e.g. because a prefilter or the sieve filter in the fuel pump inlet is blocked, there is a risk of “dry running”. Dry running very quickly leads to damages in the pump system.
When retrofitting an E1F, please note: For operation with diesel the sieve filter must be removed, as problems may occur at low temperatures due to the higher viscosity of diesel.