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Vacuum test | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice

Completion of new cylinder heads (OHV)

KS | Kolbenschmidt | Motorservice
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Information on diagnostics

Valves run in valve guides, they are shrunk into the cylinder head and fitted with sealing rings. If lubrication juice runs into the skirt of the combustion chamber, replacement of the valve stem seals should be considered. When mounting the valves, apply some oil to the skirt. A valve spring compressor which compresses the springs can be used to install valve heads and springs – meaning the valve cotter halves are easy to insert. The valve then still has to be ground in. For this purpose, either the sealing area of the valve or the valve seat are thinly coated with abrasive paste. You can find more detailed information and instructions on valve assembly/replacement in OHV engines (the designation for engines where the camshaft is mounted in the crankcase in this context) in this article.

Checking the components

Preparation

Preparation of new cylinder heads | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
De-wax and wash new cylinder heads and check for external damage. Clean oil bores and valve guides with a brush.

NOTE
Carefully clean the mounting parts to be re-used and replace any defective used parts.

Checking used valves

Checking used valves | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The valve seats on the valves must not be staved in. If they are: Replace valves or rework valve seats using a valve grinding machine.
Checking used valves | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The valve stem faces must also not be damaged. Therefore rework damaged valve stem face surfaces or replace valves.
Checking used valves | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The clamping areas and the insertion grooves for the valve cotters must be undamaged and free from burrs. The form fit to the valve cotters must also work perfectly. For safety reasons, the valve cotters must always be replaced.
Checking used valves | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
Concentricity of the valve seat surface must be checked using prism and dial gauge. Bent valves must always be replaced.
Checking used valves | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The valve shafts must not exhibit any visible wear. The diameter of the valve stem and length of the valves must correspond to the manufacturer's specifications (repair shop manual).

Checking the rocker arms

Checking the rocker arms | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
Used rocker arms must not be bent or torn. Oil bores for lubricating the rocker arm and rocker arm shaft must be unrestricted.
Checking the rocker arms | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The valve actuating surfaces and the ball sockets must not exhibit any damage, such as seizure areas or impressions. To ensure the correct axial clearance, the diameter of the rocker arm axle and its bores must correspond to the set-point values of the engine manufacturer (repair shop manual).

Checking the valve guide clearance

Checking the valve guide clearance | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The diameter dimensions of the valve stem and valve guide are deducted from each other and compared with the clearance specifications of the manufacturer. If the clearance is too great, the valve may be worn and must be replaced. If the clearance is too small, then the valve guide must be reworked using a reamer.

Guide values for the valve guide clearance
Valve stem Ø Intake valves Exhaust valves
6 – 7 mm 10 to 40 μm 25 to 55 μm
8 – 9 mm 20 to 50 μm 35 to 65 μm
10 – 12 mm 40 to 70 μm 55 to 85 μm

Measuring the valve recess

Measuring the valve recess | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The valve recess dimension must correspond to the manufacturer's specifications (repair shop manual). If the valve recess is too great, the valve must be replaced.

If the valve recess is too small, check whether the correct valve is being used. Replace the valve if required, or rework the valve seat insert until the prescribed recess dimension is achieved.
Measuring the valve recess | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
ATTENTION
An excessively large valve recess leads to diminished compression. If the valve recess is too small, the valve may collide with the piston during operation.

Valve tightness test

Vacuum test

Vacuum test | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
The required check for valve tightness can be performed by means of a vacuum test from the duct side. Alternatively, the combustion chamber bowl can be filled with a small amount of fluid (petrol, petroleum).

Grinding in valves

Grinding in valves | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
If there is a leak, first check the valves for radial eccentricities and damage before reworking the valve seat inserts or grinding in the valves.

NOTE
New valves may already exhibit radial eccentricities due to damage in transit. It is therefore also recommended to check new valves for concentricity.

Mounting the components

Mounting the valve stem seal

Mounting the valve stem seal | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
Oil the valve stems before final mounting and insert the valves into the valve guides. Fit the valve spring seats or the valve rotators (if prescribed).
Mounting the valve stem seal | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
Slide the valve stem seals over the valve stems using an oiled protective bushing.

NOTE
The use of protective bushings is recommended to ensure that the sealing lips are not damaged on the sharp edges of the valve cotter grooves.
Mounting the valve stem seal | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
Push the valve stem seals onto the guides using a suitable fitting tool. Valve stem seals with a plastic supporting body can be pressed on manually.

Valve stem seals with metal supports must be carefully and lightly tapped into place using a plastic hammer. The seal is in place when you hear a different (deeper) tapping sound.

Mounting the valve springs

Mounting the valve springs | Kolbenschmidt | BF | Motorservice
Check the valve springs for length and rectangularity. Insert valve springs with valve spring retainers and press down valve cotters with a suitable tool or equipment for mounting.

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